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About Brain Tumor

Encephalitis is inflammation of the active tissues of the brain caused by an infection or an autoimmune response. The inflammation causes the brain to swell, which can lead to headache, stiff neck, sensitivity to light, mental confusion and seizures.


  • Fever.
  • Seizures.
  • Headache.
  • Movement disorders.
  • Sensitivity to light.
  • Sensitivity to sound.
  • Neck stiffness.
  • Loss of consciousness.



  • Antiviral medications to fight viral infections affecting the brain.
  • Antibiotics to address underlying bacterial infections causing encephalitis.
  • Immunotherapy, such as steroids, intravenous antibodies (IVIg) or plasma exchange, to address certain types of autoimmune encephalitis.


  • Neuroimaging, such as a brain MRI or CT scan.
  • A lumbar puncture (spinal tap) to check for signs of infection in the brain or spinal cord.
  • Electroencephalogram (EEG) to look for seizures or specific patterns of electrical activity in the brain.